WEEK 47: Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
The author of Hebrews is unknown. Many speculate that it is the writings of the Apostle Paul, but there is no definitive agreed upon consensus as to who the writer is. It was addressed to Hebrew Christians. Several things, however, may be learned about them. (1) They had steadfastly endured persecution and the loss of property. (2) They had shown sympathy with other Christians. (3) They had been Christians for some time. (4) They were now in danger of apostasy to Judaism. (5) They were suffering persecution.
The purpose of the Book was to prevent apostasy from Christianity to Judaism and to comfort them in their suffering and persecution. To accomplish this purpose the author shows, by a series of comparisons, that faith in Christ is superior to that which preceded it.
“Are they not all ministering spirits”? All the angels, even those of the highest order, are employed by their Creator to serve those who believe in Christ Jesus. What these services are, and how performed, it would be impossible to state. Much has been written on the subject, partly founded on Scripture, and partly on conjecture. They are, no doubt, constantly employed in averting evil and procuring good. Since God helps Man by using man, we need not wonder that He also helps Man by employing angels. God needs none of those helps, for He is able to do all things Himself; yet it seems agreeable to His infinite wisdom and goodness to use them.
A “ministering” spirit is one that is employed to execute the will of God. The proper meaning of the word here – is, “pertaining to public service” or “the service of the people”. It is applied particularly to those who were engaged in the public service of the temple. They were those who rendered aid to others; who were helpers, or servants. They are employed to render aid or assistance to others – to Christians.
“Sent forth to minister for them” It would appear that they move at His order, and go and come at His command. Their employment is directed by Him. He sends them forth to deliver His errands. Appointed by God for this. They are sent – are under His control; are in a subordinate capacity.
Acts 5:19 But the angel of the Lord by night opened the prison doors, and brought them forth, and said.
Acts 12:7 And behold, the angel of the Lord came upon him, and a light shineth in the prison, and he smote Peter on the side, and raised him up, saying, Arise up quickly. And his chains fell off from his hands.
Acts 12:11 And when Peter was come to himself, he said, Now I know of a surety, that the Lord hath sent His angel, and hath delivered me out of the hand of Herod, and from all the expectations of the people of the Jews.
Our heavenly Father also sends forth His angels to reveal His will to them.
Revelation 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto His servant’s things which must shortly come to pass; and He sent and signified it by his angel unto His servant John.
Psalms 103:21 Bless ye the LORD, all ye His hosts, ye ministers of His that do His pleasure.
All the parts of ministry to which He appoints them, they cheerfully, swiftly, and effectually perform their duties.
“Who shall be heirs of salvation” God has chosen and called us to be children to Himself and “joint-heirs” with His only Son. The saints have their privileges not by works of righteousness, but by inheritance. They are joint-heirs with Christ. Adam was the heir of the world, Genesis 1:28-29, but he lost his inheritance. The second Adam is appointed heir of all things, and the inheritance is secured by His love and power to all the children of promise.
1 Corinthians 15: 45 And so it was written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
1 Corinthians 15:47 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven.
Those who are saved inherit glory, therefore salvation includes, not only deliverance from misery, but also the possession of glory.